St John Lateran Basilica

by admin_wr

It is the oldest of the four Papal major basilicas and used to be the residence of the popes until 1309, when the papacy was transferred to Avignon. Facing the church you can admire the red granite Lateran Obelisk, the tallest of all Roman obelisks, while on the opposite side of the piazza is the building containing the Scala Santa, thought to be the same flight of steps which Jesus ascended in the house of Pontius Pilate (brought to Rome by the Empress Helena) and the splendid Sancta Sanctorum, called “The Sistine of the Medieval Age”.